The commercial ports of the Republic of Mauritius are under the responsibility of the Mauritius Ports Authority (MPA), a State-controlled organization.
Port Louis harbour, adjoining the capital and main city, is situated on the north-west coast of the island of Mauritius.
The port comprises three terminals :
|Designation||Length (metres)||Max. Vessel Draft (metres)(▲)||Main Use|
|TFF 1||160||5,0||Fishing Vessels|
|TFF 2||185||5,5||Fishing Vessels|
|FDM 1/2||120(P)||8,5||Reefer/Fishing Vessels|
|FDM 3||40(P)||5,0||Fishing Vessels|
|FDM 4||50(P)||2,5||Fishing Vessels|
|FDM 5/6||110||6,5||Reefer/Fishing Vessels|
|Notes: (*) can accommodate much longer vessels|
|(P) privately-operated quays|
|Notes: (**) access is normally limited to vessels not more than 225 metres long|
|(▲) maximum vessel draft allowed at any one time must be counter-checked with port authorities (Port Master's office)|
In addition, there are mooring buoys within the inner harbour (maximum vessel draft 11,0 metres).
Larger vessels can anchor at the Outer Anchorage (between 17 and 70 metres water depth), but still within official Port Limits.
5 post-Panamax gantry cranes (operated by the Cargo Handling Corporation Ltd) are available at the Mauritius Container Terminal (berths MCT 1/2).
Bulk discharge facilities are available for wheat, maize, soya bean meal, edible oil (Quays A/D), cement (Quays 2/3), bitumen (Quay 4), Petroleum Products (Oil Jetty, BST Jetty, Quay D, Quay 1), LPG (Oil Jetty) and bulk loading facilities for sugar (BST Jetty) and molasses (Quay D). Coal is usually discharged at Quays 1/2/3.
Pilot & tug assistance are normally compulsory within the inner harbour for all vessels above 100 GT. These services are available round-the-clock.
Annual (year 2010) cargo traffic at Port Louis exceeded 6,2 million tonnes, including 330 000 TEUs (about 70% local imports/exports, the rest transhipment), 1,5 million tonnes of liquid bulk (mostly petroleum products) and 2 million tonnes of dry bulk.
Over 2 200 vessels call at Port Louis annually, consisting roughly of one third container & other liner vessels, one third fishing vessels and one third miscellaneous vessels (many of which call for technical purposes only – i.e bunkers, stores, crew, repairs, etc...).
Mauritius is also a popular port of call for cruise ships and a base port for passenger/cargo ships plying on inter-island routes.
The only other commercial port in the Republic of Mauritius is Port Mathurin, situated at Rodrigues island, some 600 kilometres east of Mauritius, where there is also a 130 metres quay accessible to vessels with 6,6 metres maximum draft.
MPA's current development plans include the extension of the container terminal and the creation of additional facilities for fishing vessels
Special tariff incentives are provided to shipping lines contributing in the developmnent of container transhipment traffic and to vessels calling specifically for bunkering and for other non-commercial purposes